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0:18 - Introduction 0:38 - Mark Introduces His Family's Roots in Zamość, Poland

Keywords: America; czarists; Eastern European Jews; family background; family history; father; garment industry; garment workers; grandfather; grandmother; grandparents; Haskalah; haskole; heritage cities; I.L. Peretz; immigration; Isaac Leib Peretz; Jewish ancestry; Jewish historical figures; Jewish immigrants; Jewish renaissance; Jewish villages; military conscription; military drafts; military service; mother; Polish Jews; prisoners of war; professions; Rosa Luxemburg; Russian Army; Russo-Japanese War; shtetels; shtetls; sweatshops; tailors; tsarists; U.S.; UNESCO; United States; US; wagon drivers; Yitzkhok Leybush Peretz; Yud Lamed Peretz; Zamosc, Poland; Zamość, Poland

5:26 - Mark's Family's Experiences of Violence in Poland during WWI and Pogroms

Keywords: anti-Semitism; antisemitism; Austrians; Austro-Hungarian Empire; Bolsheviks; childhood memories; childhood trauma; Eastern Front; father; Germans; grandfather; grandmother; grandparents; Jewish community; Jewish mutual aid organizations; Jewish social organizations; military invasions; Minsk, Belarus; mob violence; mother; nation-states; nightmares; Pale of Settlement; physical violence; pogroms; rabbis; Russian Revolution; Russian soldiers; Russians; Ukrainians; warring armies; wartime years; World War 1; World War I; WW1; WWI; Zamość, Poland; Zamosc, Poland

11:43 - Journeying to the United States through Ellis Island

Keywords: America; American consulate; anti-Semitism; antisemitism; birth certificates; daughters; Eastern European Jews; Ellis Island, New York; entry questions; Gdańsk, Poland; genocide; grandfather; grandmother; grandparents; Hebrew Immigration Aid Society; Hebrew language; HIAS; Holocaust; immigration documents; immigration laws; immigration quotas; immigration records; immigration restrictions; Jewish immigrants; London, England; mass murder; mob violence; naturalization papers; physical violence; pogroms; Polish Jews; relatives; S.S. Lapland; ship manifests; sons; Southampton, England; U.S.; uncles; United States; US; Warsaw, Poland; Yiddish language

19:44 - The History of Name Changing in Mark's Family

Keywords: Americanization; Anglicization; assimilation; Ellis Island, New York; family interviews; family names; family stories; father; Gershongrupen; Gerstengrupen; grandfather; grandmother; grandparents; Great Depression; Hebrew Immigration Aid Society; HIAS; high schools; immigrant neighborhoods; immigration records; Jewish immigrants; Jewish names; Jewish neighborhoods; Jewish surnames; mother; name changing; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Polish language; public education; public schools; ship manifests; sisters; tuberculosis; Yiddish language

26:15 - Mark Describes His Childhood Neighborhood in Philadelphia, PA

Keywords: Baby Boomers; blockbusting; childhood friends; childhood memories; demographic changes; elementary schools; ethnic diversity; ethnic neighborhoods; father; flu pandemic; gentrification; immigrant neighborhoods; Jewish neighborhoods; leisure activities; mother; outdoor games; outdoor sports; parents; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; property values; racism; siblings; sisters; split-level homes; West Philadelphia; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII

31:55 - Yiddish and Jewishness in Mark's Childhood Home

Keywords: Americanization; assimilation; Chanukah; childhood friends; childhood memories; Christmas; elementary schools; family traditions; father; grandmother; grandparents; Hanukkah; High Holidays; High Holy Days; Jewish culture; Jewish holidays; Jewish homes; Jewish neighborhoods; Jewish students; kashres; kashrus; kashrut; kashruth; khanike; kosher homes; mother; parents; Passover; Pesach; peysekh; religious observance; schuls; secular holidays; shuls; sukes; Sukkos; Sukkot; synagogues; Yiddish culture; Yiddish expressions; Yiddish language; Yiddish phrases; Yinglish

38:21 - Mark Discusses His Experiences Attending Synagogue as a Child

Keywords: bar mitzvahs; bar-mitsves; childhood friends; childhood memories; Conservative Jews; father; haftarah; haftorah; haftoyre; haphtarah; haphtorah; High Holidays; High Holy Days; Jewish adages; Jewish holidays; mother; Orthodox Jews; Oxford Circle Jewish Community Center; parents; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; religious observance; religious services; schuls; shuls; siblings; sisters; synagogues; West Philadelphia

41:37 - Reflections on Social Class, Judaism, and the High Holidays

Keywords: "Star Trek"; blessings; congregants; congregations; economic class; father; Hebrew language; High Holidays; High Holy Days; Jewish immigrants; Jewish neighborhoods; Leonard Nimoy; mother; parents; prayer shawls; prayers; religious services; schuls; sermons; shofars; shophars; shoyfers; shuls; social class; Spock; synagogues; Vulcans; Yiddish language; Yom Kippur

47:42 - Mark's Bar Mitzvah Lessons and His Adolescent Religious Phase

Keywords: "A Serious Man"; "The Ten Commandments"; adolescence; adolescents; bar mitzvahs; bar-mitsves; Biblical films; Biblical movies; blessings; cantors; Coen Brothers; Fast of Esther; fasting; haftarahs; haftorahs; haftoyres; haphtarahs; haphtorahs; Hebrew high schools; Hebrew language; Hebrew schools; Jewish faith; Jewish holidays; Jewish identity; Jewish rituals; Judaism; phylacteries; prayer books; prayers; Purim; religious beliefs; religious education; religious observance; religious practices; Shabbat; Shabbos; shabes; spirituality; Sunday schools; Talmud; Tanakh; teenage years; teenagers; tefillin; tephillin; tfillin; tfiln; Torah; toyre

53:44 - Mark Remembers His Parents' Jewish and Political Values

Keywords: childhood memories; Democratic Party; Democrats; family values; father; FDR; Franklin Delano Roosevelt; Jewish ethics; Jewish organizations; Jewish values; Judaism; liberalism; liberals; mother; parents; political beliefs; political values; social justice values

55:50 - Mark's Involvement with Organized Jewish Life as a Teenager

Keywords: adolescence; adolescents; Aleph Zadik Aleph; AZA; boys' fraternity; childhood friends; Hebrew schools; Jewish fraternity; Jewish identity; Jewish youth groups; Jewish youth organizations; Jewishness; organized sports; sports leagues; sports teams; teenage years; teenagers

58:03 - Mark Discusses His Early Politics and the Kennedy Assassination

Keywords: 1960s; 1970s; anti-Semites; anti-Semitism; antisemites; antisemitism; assassins; bar mitzvahs; bar-mitsves; Catholicism; Catholics; childhood memories; Cold War; Cuban Missile Crisis; father; Holocaust; Jack Ruby; Jacob Rubenstein; Jewish history; JFK; John F. Kennedy; Joseph Kennedy; Joseph McCarthy; Kennedy assassination; Lee Harvey Oswald; McCarthyism; mother; Nazi Germany; Nazis; nuclear holocausts; nuclear warfare; Old Country; political beliefs; political involvement; Red Scare; Richard M. Nixon; television news programs; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII

64:00 - Mark's Recollections of the Civil Rights Movement

Keywords: "Beckett"; "Judgment at Nuremburg"; "The Diary of Anne Frank"; 1960s; African-Americans; American North; American South; Andrew Goodman; Black Americans; Bloody Sunday; Civil Rights Movement; communism; communists; concentration camps; death camps; Edmund Pettus Bridge; genocide; historical films; Hollywood; Holocaust films; James Chaney; Jewish activists; Jewish civil rights workers; Jewish history; John Lewis; marchers; mass murder; Michael Schwerner; Montgomery, Alabama; Nazi Party; Nazis; nonviolent protesters; physical violence; pogroms; racism; racists; Selma, Alabama; state troopers; voting rights

68:24 - Activism in Mark's College Years and Protesting the Vietnam War

Keywords: 1960s; anti-war movement; anti-war politics; anti-war protests; antiwar movement; antiwar politics; antiwar protests; assassinations; bumper stickers; Civil Rights Movement; civil rights protests; college campuses; college education; conscientious objectors; draft counseling; draft counselors; draft systems; Eugene McCarthy; father; high schools; liberalism; liberals; Lyndon Baines Johnson; Martin Luther King, Jr.; military drafts; mother; New Left; parents; political beliefs; presidential elections; presidential politics; radical politics; religious exemptions; Richard M. Nixon; riots; SDS; Students for a Democratic Society; Temple University; Vietnam War

75:39 - Mark Describes an Anti-War Demonstration in Washington, DC in 1969

Keywords: "If I Had A Hammer"; American flags; anti-war demonstrations; anti-war politics; anti-war protests; antiwar demonstrations; antiwar politics; antiwar protests; Benjamin Spock; Black Panthers; Bobby Seale; college education; college students; father; folk singers; folk songs; gas masks; hitchhikers; hitchhiking; mother; parents; Pennsylvania Station; pepper spray; Pete Seeger; Peter, Paul, and Mary; policemen; Richard M. Nixon; Spiro Agnew; student protesters; Viet Cong flags; Vietnam War; Washington Monument; Washington, DC; White House

81:56 - Mark Reflects on the Link Between Jewishness and His Anti-War Politics

Keywords: "The Rothschilds"; allergies; allergists; American troops; anti-war movement; anti-war protests; antiwar movement; antiwar protests; draft dodgers; draft systems; economic class; Jerry Bock; Jewish doctors; Jewish identity; Jewish theater; Jewish values; Jewishness; Judaism; Kent State massacre; lottery systems; Lyndon Baines Johnson; medical deferment; military drafts; military-industrial complex; musicals; National Guard; non-violent protests; nonviolent protests; organized religion; political beliefs; political values; presidential politics; radical politics; radicalization; Richard M. Nixon; Sheldon Harnick; sit-ins; social class; social justice values; student demonstrations; student protesters; U.S. government; United States government; US government; Vietnam War; war casualties

88:55 - Mark's Introduction to Teaching Jewish and Holocaust History

Keywords: "America and the Holocaust"; "Fiddler on the Roof"; Amherst Regional High School; anti-Semitism; antisemitism; college classes; college courses; David Wyman; Eastern European Jewish culture; Eastern European Jews; European history; high school classes; high school students; Holocaust history; Holocaust scholars; Jewish history; Jewish identity; Nazi Germany; Nazis; pogroms; school musicals; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddish phrases

93:25 - Mark Describes Meeting Aaron Lansky and Beginning Yiddish Study

Keywords: "Daily Collegian"; "Image Before My Eyes"; Aaron Lansky; Adrienne Cooper; alef-beys; conversational Yiddish; Hebrew language; Josh Waletzky; spoken Yiddish; standardized Yiddish; University of Massachusetts; Uriel Weinreich; Yiddish alphabet; Yiddish classes; Yiddish education; Yiddish expressions; Yiddish folk songs; Yiddish instructors; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish music; Yiddish phrases; Yiddish summer programs; Yiddish teachers; Yiddish textbooks; YIVO

96:47 - Family History and Conducting Family Interviews

Keywords: cousins; Ellis Island, New York; family history; family interviews; family roots; family stories; father; grandparents; great-grandparents; Jewish ancestry; mother; Old Country; parents; Poland; Polish Jews; tape recorders

99:43 - Teaching Holocaust History and Visiting Zamość as an Adult

Keywords: Aaron Lansky; Ashkenazi Jews; commemorative plaques; communism; communists; cultural heritage; David Crow; Eastern European history; Eastern European Jews; Eastern European languages; family heritage; family history; family roots; father; grandfather; grandmother; grandparents; gravestones; historical restorations; history students; Holocaust classes; Holocaust courses; Holocaust history; Holocaust studies; Jewish cemetery; Jewish community; Jewish educators; Jewish heritage; Jewish historical sites; Jewish history; Jewish resistance; memorials; Nazi Germany; Nazi occupation; Nazis; Polish Jewry; Polish Jews; Polish language; prayer houses; Russian language; schuls; Sephardic Jews; shuls; synagogues; Warsaw, Poland; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Zamość, Poland; Zamosc, Poland

110:14 - Mark's First Impressions of Aaron Lansky and the Yiddish Book Center

Keywords: "The Apartment"; Aaron Lansky; alef-beys; Billy Wilder; Eastern European Jewish culture; Eastern European Jews; high school classes; high school teachers; Hollywood films; Hollywood movies; Jack Lemmon; Yiddish alphabet; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish classes; Yiddish culture; Yiddish expressions; Yiddish history; Yiddish language; Yiddish phrases; Yiddish teachers; Yiddish vocabulary; Yiddish words; Yiddishisms

113:38 - Mark Discusses Teaching Yiddish Short Stories

Keywords: "A Meal for the Poor"; "If Not Higher"; "The Search"; Eastern European Jewish culture; Eastern European Jews; Eliezer Greenberg; Holocaust history; I.L. Peretz; Irving Howe; Isaac Leib Peretz; literary themes; Mordecai Spector; Mordkhe Spector; Shalom Aleichem; Sholem Aleichem; Sholem Aleykhem; Yiddish authors; Yiddish culture; Yiddish folk stories; Yiddish folktales; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish short stories; Yiddish writers; Yitzkhok Leybush Peretz; Yud Lamed Peretz

119:46 - Mark Describes Students' Connections to His Holocaust Course

Keywords: civil liberties; ethics; freedom of speech; history courses; history teachers; Holocaust history; Holocaust Museum Fellowship; Jewish students; Mandel Fellowship Program; morality; non-Jewish students; religious freedom; social justice values; State of Israel; United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

123:16 - The Personal Impact on Mark of Teaching Holocaust History

Keywords: family history; family roots; Franklin Delano Roosevelt; genocide; Henry Morgenthau; history courses; history teachers; Holocaust history; Jewish ancestry; Jewish history; Jewish identity; Jewish refugees; Jewishness; Josiah DuBois; Judaism; mass murder; Raoul Wallenberg; students; War Refugee Board; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish classes; Yiddish culture; Yiddish education; Yiddish language; Yiddishkayt; Yiddishkeit; yidishkayt; yidishkeyt

129:41 - Mark Shares His Favorite Yiddish Phrases and Songs

Keywords: "Partizaner lid (Partisan song)"; commemorative plaques; father; genocide; Hirsch Glick; Hirsh Glick; Hirsh Glik; Holocaust; Jewish resistance; mass murder; memorials; partisan anthems; partisan hymns; partisans; resistance anthems; Yiddish authors; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish expressions; Yiddish language; Yiddish phrases; Yiddish poetry; Yiddish poets; Yiddish Writers Garden

131:55 - Closing Remarks and Words of Advice

Keywords: advice; cultural heritage; Eastern European Jewish heritage; eytse; future generations; genocide; grandparents; great-grandparents; Holocaust; Jewish history; Jewish identity; Jewish values; mass murder; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddishkayt; Yiddishkeit; yidishkayt; yidishkeyt