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0:00 - Introduction 0:17 - Paul's Family's Background as Polish Jews and Immigrants to America

Keywords: 1900s; 1920s; 1930s; America; American education system; American Jewry; American Jews; arranged marriage; Belarus; Belorussian Jewry; Belorussian Jews; Belostok; Bialystok; Białystok; Byalistok; chedar; cheder; childhood; education; English language; Esperanto language; father; Gomel; Gomel'; grandmother; Great Depression; Hebrew language; heder; Holocaust; Homel'; immigration; Jewish communities; kheyder; Lower East Side; marriage; migration; mother; New York City; Poland; Polish Jewry; Polish Jews; Polish language; public school; United States; World War 1; World War I; WW1; WWI; yeshibah; yeshiva; yeshivah; yeshive; Yiddish education; Yiddish language

2:27 - Paul Describes His Childhood Home and the Place of Yiddish in His Family

Keywords: America; American education system; chedar; cheder; education; English language; grandmother; Hebrew language; heder; immigrant; kheyder; migrant; multilingualism; public school; United States; yeshibah; yeshiva; yeshivah; yeshive; Yiddish education; Yiddish language

3:21 - Paul Describes His Father's Hobby as a Pigeon Trayber (Driver) 4:42 - Paul Describes His Family's Jewish Cultural and Religious Practices

Keywords: American cuisine; American food; anniversary of death; Beta Israel; Ethiopian Jews; fasting; immigrant family; jahrzeit; Jewish cuisine; Jewish food; kashres; kashrus; kashrut; kashruth; kosher; migrant family; mourning; Orthodox Jews; Orthodox Judaism; Shabbat; Shabbos; shabes; shomer Shabbat; shomer Shabbos; shoymer-shabes; storytelling; yahrzeit; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker; Yom Kippur; yortsayt

6:13 - The Relationships between Recent and Established Immigrants in Paul's Family

Keywords: American Jewry; American Jews; Americanization; aunt; English language; father; grandmother; immigrant family; immigration; migrant family; migration; mother; musician; opera singer; Poland; Polish Jewry; Polish Jews; sister; uncle; Yiddish language; Yiddish music; Yiddish song

8:01 - "We Had a Special Relationship": Paul's Memories of His Grandmother

Keywords: "Women's Bible"; bobe (grandmother); Brooklyn, New York; button seller; chicken flicker; chicken plucker; childhood; death; funeral; Hebrew language; Jewish clothing; junk collecting; junk collector; kosher butcher; mourning; New York City; Orthodox Jews; Orthodox Judaism; religious Jews; sheitel; sheytl; shochet; shohet; shoykhet; superstition; tkhine (women's prayer book); Tsene-rene; Tseno Ureno; vegetarian; vegetarianism; Yiddish language; Yiddish music; Yiddish songs; Yiddish speaker

13:13 - Paul Describes Some of the Jewish News Media in His Home Growing Up

Keywords: "Children without a Home"; "Kinder mit on a heym"; badchan; badchen; badhan; batkhn; Bialystok; Bialystoker; Białystok; Byalistok; Claire Barry; Clara Bagelman; Der Tog; Forverts; Jan Peerce; Jewish newspapers; Jewish radio; Merna Barry; Minnie Bagelman; Moshe Koussevitzky; Nathan Nazaroff; news media; Poland; Polish Jewry; Polish Jews; Prince Nazaroff; Rockaway; Russian language; Russian music; The Barry Sisters; The Day; The Forward; The Jewish Daily Forward; The Yiddish Daily Forward; wedding entertainer; WEVD; Yiddish education; Yiddish language; Yiddish radio; Yiddish speaker

16:07 - The Circumstances which Influenced Paul's Decision to Become a Zionist

Keywords: "The Black Book of Polish Jewry"; 1940s; 1950s; childhood; Egypt; genocide; Holocaust; Holocaust survivor; Holocaust trauma; immigration; intergenerational trauma; Jewish studies; Judaism; kibbutz; migration; murder; Palestine; Rockaway Beach; State of Israel; survivor's guilt; Zionism; Zionist Jews

18:52 - Paul's Memories of Celebrating Jewish Holidays as a Child

Keywords: Chanukah; Hanukkah; Jewish communities; Jewish cuisine; Jewish education; Jewish food; Jewish holidays; Jewish neighborhood; Jewish ritual; Judaism; kashres; kashrus; kashrut; kashruth; khanike; kosher; Orthodox Jews; Orthodox Judaism; Passover; Pesach; peysekh; Simchas Torah; Simchat Torah; simkhes toyre; treif; treyf

22:15 - Paul Describes His Neighborhood in Brooklyn During the 1930s and 1940s

Keywords: 1930s; 1940s; America; American education system; Brooklyn, New York; childhood; English language; Jewish communities; Jewish neighborhood; Jewish-non-Jewish relations; multilingualism; New York City; public school; United States; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker

24:30 - How Paul Found and Became Part of Ha-Shomer Ha-Tsa'ir

Keywords: "Avanti Popolo"; "Daisies"; "Das Kapital"; "Margaritkelekh"; Broadway; Catskill Mountains; communist music; dialectical materialism; Ha-Shomer ha-Tsa'ir; Hashomer Hatzair; Hatshomer Hatsair; Hebrew music; Hebrew songs; Israeli culture; Italian music; Jewish camp; Jewish culture; Jewish dance; Karl Marx; left-wing Jews; left-wing Zionism; leftism; leftist Jews; Manhattan, New York; Marxism; Russian music; shaliach; shaliah; sheliach; sheliekh; shlichim; shlikhim; socialism; socialist Jews; State of Israel; summer camp; The Young Guard; theater; theatre; Yiddish music; Yiddish songs; Yiddish speaker; youth movement; youth organization; Zionism; Zionist Jews

28:55 - Paul's Love of the Yiddish Theater

Keywords: "Fiddler on the Roof"; "Grine Felder"; "Tevye der mikhiker"; "The Dybbuk"; American theater; American theatre; Brooklyn, New York; childhood; cultural transmission; Herschel Bernardi; Hopkinson Theater; Hopkinson Theatre; intergenerational transmission of knowledge; Maurice Schwartz; Molly Picon; New York City; Norman Jewison; Polish film; Polish Jewish film; popular culture; Yiddish film; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker; Yiddish theater; Yiddish theatre

31:32 - Paul's Memories of Visiting Relatives Who Had Survived the Holocaust

Keywords: adolescence; American school system; child abuse; England; father; France; French Jewry; French Jews; Hebrew education; Hebrew language; Holocaust survivor; Jewish-non-Jewish relations; London; mother; Paris; public school; Riva Kalezhnikov; State of Israel; teenage years; United Kingdom; Yiddish education; Yiddish film; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker

36:15 - Paul's Trip to Israel on "The Negba" with Sholem Asch and Lena Horne

Keywords: economic hardship; Haifa; immigration; left-wing Jews; leftism; leftist Jews; Lena Horne; Marseilles; migration; poverty; refugees; Sholem Asch; shortages; socioeconomic status; State of Israel

39:11 - Paul's Experiences in Israel as a Native Yiddish Speaker

Keywords: 1950s; 1960s; American Yiddish; attitudes towards Yiddish; Canada; Canadian school system; citizenship; college; communism; David Ben-Gurion; English language; German language; Hebrew language; Holocaust; Holocaust survivor; immigration; Israeli army; Israeli Yiddish; Jewish Agency for Israel; kibbutz; Label Basman; leyenkrayz (reading circle); McCarthy Era; McCarthyism; migration; native Yiddish speaker; Polish language; Red Scare; Second Red Scare; Sochnut; socialism; socialist Jews; State of Israel; teacher; university; Vancouver; Vilna Ghetto; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII; Yiddish dialects; Yiddish education; Yiddish in the State of Israel; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish speaker; Yiddishism; Yiddishists

44:01 - Paul Discusses the Differences in His Jewish Identity in Israel and in the US

Keywords: adolescence; American identity; bar mitzvah; bar-mitsve; childhood; cultural norms; cultural transmission; culture preservation; hegemonic culture; Holocaust trauma; Jewish identity; Jewish nation-state; Jewish ritual; Jewish-non-Jewish relations; Judaism; kibbutz; majority culture; majority identity; minority identity; New York City; societal norms; State of Israel; teenage years

46:16 - Paul's Perspective on the Relationship between Zionism, Socialism, and Yiddish

Keywords: "Das Kapital"; anti-Zionism; anti-Zionist Jews; Arbeter Ring; Ashkenazi Hebrew; attitudes towards Yiddish; Bund; capitalism; communism; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; English language; Ha-Shomer ha-Tsa'ir; Hashomer Hatsair; Hashomer Hatzair; Hebraism; Hebrew education; Hebrew language; Jewish identity; Jewish Labor Bund; Joseph Stalin; kibbutz; liberation; Marxism; multilingualism; Sephardic Hebrew; socialism; socialist Jews; State of Israel; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; Workmen's Circle; Yiddish language; Yiddishism

50:41 - The Values that Paul's Mother Passed on to Him

Keywords: alms; charity; child abuse; child-rearing; commandments; cultural transmission; father; humor; intergenerational transmission of knowledge; Jewish community; Jewsh culture; Judaism; mitsvah; mitsves; mitsvot; mitzvah; mitzves; mitzvot; mother; parenting; parents; raising children; tsdoke; tsedakah; tzedakah; values; Yiddish culture; Yiddish lanugage; Yiddish speaker; Yiddishkayt; Yiddishkeit; yidishkayt; yidishkeyt; zedakah

52:01 - "I Can't Really Separate It": The Place of Yiddish and Ashkenazi Culture in Paul's Jewish Identity

Keywords: Ashkenazi culture; Ashkenazi identity; Ashkenormativity; Canada; Canadian Jewry; Canadian Jews; cultural imperialism; Eastern European Jews; English dialects; Jewish identity; Judaism; Mizrachi Jews; Mizrahi Jews; New York accent; New York City; New York dialect; pluralism; Sephardi culture; Sephardic Jews; teacher; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaking communities

54:59 - Paul's Perspective on the Relationship between Yiddish and Hebrew

Keywords: Biblical Hebrew; Hebrew language; Modern Hebrew language; multilingualism; State of Israel; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker; Yiddish-Hebrew relationship; Zionism; Zionist Jews

56:58 - Paul's Time at Various Yiddish Programs around the World

Keywords: 1990s; Columbia University; Eastern Europe; Gennady Estraikh; New York City; Oxford University; Rutgers University; University of Oxford; Vilna Ghetto; Vilna, Lithuania; Vilnius; Yiddish culture; Yiddish education; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddishism; Yiddishist; Yiddishist Jews

58:16 - Paul's Work Translating "The Shopkeepers of Vilna"

Keywords: "The Shopkeepers of Vilna"; "Women's Bible"; agunah; agune; American Yiddish dialect; American Yiddish language; Americanization; Ashkenazi clothing; Ayzik Meyer Dik; Ayzik-Meyer Dik; colloquial Yiddish; cultural revival; daytshmerish (Germanized Yiddish); divorce; English language; fasting; Jewish culture; Jewish holidays; Jewish literature; Jewish ritual; Judaism; marriage; Neilah; translator; Tsene-rene; Tseno Ureno; Vilna, Lithuania; Vilnius; Yiddish culture; Yiddish education; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish lexicon; Yiddish literature; Yiddish vocabulary; Yom Kippur

64:13 - "Real Friendships Have Emerged": The Impacts of Paul's Yiddish Circle

Keywords: America; cultural transmission; English translation; Florida; Holocaust survivor; intergenerational transmission of knowledge; multilingualism; teacher; United States; Yiddish culture; Yiddish film; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish movies; Yiddish speaker; Yiddish speaking communities

65:36 - The Importance of Transmission of Yiddish Language and Culture for Paul

Keywords: American Jewry; American Jews; Aramaic language; Canada; Canadian Jewry; Canadian Jews; children; cultural transmission; father; grandchildren; grandfather; grandmother; Hebrew education; Hebrew language; intergenerational transmission of knowledge; Israeli Jewry; Israeli Jews; Jewish cuisine; Jewish culture; Jewish education; Jewish food; Jewish holidays; Jewish music; Jewish radio; Jewish ritual; Judaism; linguistic transmission; Litvak accent; Litvak dialect; Modern Hebrew language; Orthodox Jewry; Orthodox Jews; religious education; self-education; State of Israel; talme-toyre; Talmud study; Talmud Torah school; talmud-toyre school; Vancouver; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker; Yiddishkeit; Yiddiskayt; yidishkayt; yidishkeyt

71:06 - The Role of Yiddish as a Bridge between Generations

Keywords: American Jewry; American Jews; Americanization; attitudes towards Yiddish; cultural reclamation; cultural revival; cultural transmission; Hebrew language; intergenerational transmission of knowledge; Jewish culture; Jewish-non-Jewish relationship; linguistic transmission; reclamation of culture; religious Jews; return to culture; secular Jews; vernacular language; vernacular Yiddish; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish education; Yiddish in academia; Yiddish language; Yiddish speaker

74:28 - Paul's Use of Yiddish Today and His Thoughts on the Yiddish Revival

Keywords: Chasidic Jews; Chassidic Jews; dead languages; future of Yiddish; Hasidic Jews; Hassidic Jews; Holocaust; I.B. Singer; Isaac Bashevis Singer; Itskhok Bashevis Zinger; Modern Hebrew language; Orthodox Jews; Orthodox Judaism; secret languages; State of Israel; teacher; vernacular language; Yiddish education; Yiddish language; Yiddish revival; Yiddish speaker

78:13 - Paul Shares His Mother's Advice on How to Approach Life