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0:00 - Introduction 0:17 - The Background of Irena's Mother's Family as Polish Jews, Their Professions, and Their Political Leanings

Keywords: anti-Semitism; antisemitism; Australia; Bundism; Bundist Jews; childhood; communism; communist Jews; folkshul (Yiddish secular school); Ha-Shomer ha-Tsa'ir; Hashomer Hatsair; Hashomer Hatzair; Holocaust; immigration; library; low income; migration; mother; Polish education system; Polish Jews; Polish language; Polish school system; poverty; Rose Klepfisz; Russia; secular Jews; Shabbat; Shabbos; shabes; Shoshana Perczykow; Siberia; socialism; socioeconomic status; Soviet Union; teacher; The Young Guard; USSR; Varshah; Varshava; Warsaw; Warszawa; watchmaker; working class; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII; Yiddish language; youth movements; ZIonism; Zionist Jews; Zionist socialism

8:33 - The Bundism in Irena's Father's Family, Their Relationships with Hasidic Family Members, and Their Professions

Keywords: 1910s; 1920s; Bund; Bundism; Bundist Jews; Chasidic Jews; Chassidic Jews; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; Hasidic Jews; Hassidic Jews; Jewish Labor Bund; Michał Klepfisz; Morgnshtern; Polish language; rabbi; secular Jews; Shmuel Zanvil Klepfisz; SKIF; socialism; socialist Jews; Sotsyalistisher Kinder Farband; teacher; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; Tsukunft; Union of Socialist Children; Yankev Klepfisz; Yiddish education; Yiddish language; youth movement

12:10 - The Differences between Irena's Mother's and Father's Families and How Her Parents Met

Keywords: 1930s; Bund; courtship; dating; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; engineer; interclass marriage; Jewish Labor Bund; marriage; middle-class; Poland; socioeconomic status; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; Zakopane; Zionism; Zionist Jews

13:46 - "It Saturated Everything": Irena Describes the Bund and Its Impact on Her Family

Keywords: 1920s; 1930s; America; Bund; Bundism; Bundist education; Bundist Jews; Camp Hemshekh; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; Holocaust; Holocaust survivors; interwar period; Jewish institutions; Jewish Labor Bund; Jewish organizations; Poland; Polish Jews; shule (secular Yiddish school); social movements; socialism; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; United States; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddishism; Yiddishist Jews

18:11 - Irena's Family's Life in the Warsaw Ghetto and Her Father's Part in the Resistance Movement

Keywords: 1950s; Bundism; Bundist Jews; graves; Holocaust; immigration; Jewish Combat Organization; Jewish Fighting Organization; Jewish Labor Committee; Jewish-non-Jewish relations; Lodz; Lodzsh; memorialization; Michał Klepfisz; migration; mourning; Sweden; Varshah; Warsaw; Warsaw Ghetto; Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; Warszawa; World War 2; World War II; WW2; WWII; ŻOB; Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa; Łódź

22:08 - Irena's First Memories of Her Life in Sweden and Her Family's Immigration to the United States

Keywords: 1940s; America; childhood; communal living; depression; Holocaust; Holocaust commemoration; Holocaust survivors; Holocaust trauma; immigration; Jewish partisans; Lodz; Lodzsh; mental illness; migration; mother; Sweden; Swedish language; United States; Łódź

28:45 - The Difficulty of Transitioning to Life in the United States

Keywords: America; American education system; childhood; childhood trauma; English as a second language; English language; Holocaust; Holocaust memorialization; Holocaust survivor; Holocaust trauma; immigrant families; immigration; immigration law; Jewish communities; Jewish identity; living conditions; Michał Klepfisz; migration; multilingualism; New York City; Swedish education system; Swedish language; United States

33:21 - Irena's Experiences Living and Attending School in the Bronx

Keywords: 1930s; 1940s; Amalgamated Cooperative Apartment House; Amalgamated Housing Cooperative; America; Arbeter Ring; Bronx; bullying; Bundism; Bundist Jews; childhood; Holocaust survivors; International Ladies' Garment Workers Union; Jewish neighborhoods; language barrier; living conditions; New York City; shule (secular Yiddish school); Shule Dray; socioeconomic status; United States; working-class; Workmen's Circle; Yiddish language; Yiddishism; Yiddishists

38:34 - The Frightening Atmosphere During Holocaust Akademyes (Commemorative Gatherings)

Keywords: akademyes (commemorative gatherings); Bund; childhood; childhood trauma; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; Der Shteyn (the stone); disability; disabled Jews; English language; Hemshekh Chorus; Holocaust; Holocaust commemoration; Holocaust memorialization; Holocaust memorials; Holocaust survivor; Holocaust trauma; immigrant; Jewish Labor Bund; Khurbn; Michał Klepfisz; migrant; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; Warsaw Ghetto Uprising; Yiddish language; Yiddishism; Yiddishists

45:09 - "In the Shule, It Was Like the Rest of the World Didn't Exist": Irena's Memories of Attending Shule

Keywords: 1950s; adolescence; American education system; American school system; Arbeter Ring; childhood; Jewish-non-Jewish relations; Michał Klepfisz; poet; public school; shule (secular Yiddish school); teenage years; Workmen's Circle; Yiddish education; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish music; Yiddish poetry; Yiddish songs; Yiddish speakers

51:33 - Irena Describes Her Experiences Speaking and Teaching Yiddish

Keywords: Arbeter Ring; Chana Mlotek; English language; Jewish camp; Kinder Ring; Mordkhe Schaechter; polio epidemic; Polish language; shule (secular Yiddish school); teacher; Workmen's Circle; Yiddish camp; Yiddish education; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish music; Yiddish poetry; Yiddish song; Yiddish speakers; YIVO; Yosl Mlotek; Zalmen Mlotek

58:07 - "My Language Battle Was Really With English": Writing Poetry in Secret

Keywords: adolescence; dramatic monologue; English language; folk writers; immigrant; migrant; Morris Rosenfeld; narrative poetry; poet; Robert Browning; teenage years; writer; Yiddish language

63:21 - "Where Are the Women?": The Connection between Irena's Feminism, Lesbianism, and Yiddish Identity

Keywords: "The Tribe of Dina"; 1970s; 1980s; 1990s; anti-racism; Bundism; Bundist Jews; Bundists; cultural reclamation; feminist identity; feminist Jews; Fradel Shtok; Fradel Stock; Fradl Shtok; gay Jews; gay Yiddishists; homophobia; Jeffrey Shandler; Jewish community; Jewish feminism; Jewish feminists; Jewish gays; Kadia Molodowski; Kadia Molodowsky; KlezKamp; lesbian Jews; lesbian Yiddishists; lesbians; LGBT; LGBT Jews; Lorin Sklamberg; Melanie Kaye/Kantrowitz; Rachel Korn; reclamation of culture; representation; Rokhl Korn; second wave feminism; second-wave feminism; secular Jews; sexism; Sharon Kleinbaum; socialism; socialist Jews; socialists; teacher; Yankl Salant; Yiddish culture; Yiddish education; Yiddish identity; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish poetry; Yiddish writers; Yiddishism; Yiddishists; YIVO

72:13 - Irena's Graduate Studies,Teaching at YIVO, and Working as a Writer and Editor

Keywords: "Bread and Candy: Songs of the Holocaust"; "Bridges"; "Conditions" magazine; "Found Treasures"; "Image Before My Eyes"; "In Their Own Words"; "Zeyer eygn velt"; 1970s; 1990s; Adrienne Cooper; Brooklyn; Chava Lapin; Chicago; City University of New York; closeted; closeted experiences; CUNY; doctorate degree; dyke lesbians; editor; employment; English language; English literature; graduate education; Illinois; in the closet; Jewish lesbians; Jewish Museum; job market; Joyce Rosenzweig; Klezmatics; lesbian; lesbian Jews; lesbian poets; Long Island University; Montauk; National Jewish Council; New Jewish Agenda; New York; New York City; outing; PhD; poet; postdoctoral studies; professions; secretarial work; secretary; teacher; writer; Yiddish education; Yiddish literature; Yiddish music; Yiddish poetry; Yiddish songs; Yiddish songwriters; Yiddish studies; YIVO

78:41 - Irena's Process of Integrating Yiddish into Her Writing

Keywords: 1980s; Aaron Lansky; attitudes towards Yiddish; Bund; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; Gloria Anzaldúa; Holocaust; Holocaust commemoration; Holocaust trauma; Jewish Labor Bund; Lodz; Lodzsh; poet; Poland; Sharon Kleinbaum; Spanish language; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; Varshah; Warsaw; Warszawa; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish poetry; YIVO; Łódź

85:26 - Reading Her Poem "Etlekhe Verter Oyf Mame-loshn" ("A Few Words in the Mother Tongue") For the First Time in Public

Keywords: homophobia; Jewish lesbians; lesbian Jews; out of the closet; poet; poetry reading; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish language; Yiddish poetry; Yiddish speakers

87:22 - Irena's Mother's Reaction to Irena Coming Out as a Lesbian and the Importance of Being Visibly Lesbian for Irena

Keywords: coming out; Cracow; daughter; doctoral degree; Holocaust survivors; homophobia; Krako; Kraków; lesbian; lesbian activism; lesbian identity; LGBT; mother; motherhood; out of the closet; parenthood; parenting; PhD; Poland; representation; tokenizing

90:41 - The Process of Researching Women Yiddish Writers

Keywords: "Bridges"; Barnard College; Bund activists; Bundism; Bundist activism; Bundist Jews; Bundists; Chana Pollack; English language; feminism; feminist literature; feminist writing; Fradel Shṭoḳ; Fradel Shtok; Fradel Stock; Fradl Shṭoḳ; Fradl Shtok; internet; multilingualism; Myra Mniewski; Polish language; professor; research process; technological advances; women writers; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish culture; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish research; Yiddish women writers; Yiddish writers

96:06 - "I Feel a Kind of Total Debt to Them": Irena's Motivation for Uncovering Women Yiddish Writers

Keywords: 1910s; 1920s; 1930s; anti-Semitism; anti-Zionism; anti-Zionist Jews; antisemitism; Bundist institutions; double discrimination; English language; erasure; female Bundists; female writers; Holocaust; Holocaust trauma; interwar period; Israel; Poland; representation; State of Israel; women Bundists; women writers; women Yiddish writers; Yiddish culture; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish research; Yiddish women writers; Yiddish writers

102:58 - Irena's Yiddish Translation Projects

Keywords: poet; translator; writer; Yiddish culture; Yiddish education; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature; Yiddish speakers

106:34 - Approaching Yiddish Writers with Nuanced Expectations

Keywords: Bund; Der Algemeyner Yidisher Arbeter Bund in Lite, Poyln, un Rusland; erasure; feminism; Jewish Labor Bund; scholar; socialism; The General Union of Jewish Workers in Lithuania, Poland, and Russia; Yiddish culture; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature

109:13 - Irena's Relationship with Swedish, Polish, English, and Yiddish

Keywords: bilingual publishing; bilingualism; childhood; English language; language acquisition; multilingualism; poetry; Polish language; Swedish language; Yiddish language

112:42 - The Relationship between the Gay and Lesbian Communities, Yiddishism, and Jewish Identities

Keywords: 1980s; American Jewry; American Jews; artist community; attitudes towards Yiddish; Bundism; Bundist Jews; cultural Jews; doikayt (hereness); gay Jews; Holocaust; Holocaust survivors; Israel; Jewish gays; Jewish identity; Jewish lesbians; KlezKanada; klezmer music; lesbian Jews; LGBT; LGBT community; LGBT identity; music community; observant Jews; secular Jews; secularism; State of Israel; Yiddish music; Yiddishism; Yiddishists; Zionism; Zionist Jews

119:27 - Irena's First Impression of the Yiddish Book Center

Keywords: book collection; Yiddish Book Center; Yiddish books; Yiddish culture; Yiddish literature

122:20 - Teaching at the Bedford Hills Correctional Facility

Keywords: American justice system; Barnard College; Bedford Hills Correctional Facility; Bundism; Bundist Jews; English language; literature; prison; teacher; women's studies

124:38 - The Significance of Religious Observance, Yiddish, Israel, and the Holocaust Among Irena's Students

Keywords: academia; academic; Barnard College; Holocaust; Israel; Jewish education; Jewish identity; observant Jews; professor; secular Jews; State of Israel; teacher; Yiddish culture; Yiddish in translation; Yiddish language; Yiddish literature

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